One can say that the HTS code is a harmonized tariff schedule developed by the World Customs Organization and are codes which are used to define and classify imported and exported goods. The the basis used by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule to classify goods is according to the name, use, materials used for its construction and then a ten digit classification code number is assigned to the good. Since the Harmonized Tariff Schedule codes are specific only to the United States, the United States International Trade Commission is responsible for administering them. Commodity duties are based on Harmonized Tariff Schedule codes classifications and as such Harmonized Tariff Schedule codes are very important. A Harmonized Tariff Schedule code is very similar to the HS codes for the first six digits but then the last four digits differ. Harmonized Tariff Schedule Codes differ from both HS codes and schedule B codes.
A Harmonized System code or an HS code is a six-digit standard for classifying globally traded products. The six digit standard is known as the subheading. HS codes are recognized globally and are used by customs authorities all over the world for identification of tax and duty rates for specific types of products. They are usually administered by the World Customs Organization and recognized in the majority of world trade.HS codes are usually administered by the World Customs Organisation and are recognized in world trade. Many governments recognize HS codes since they are a universal classification method. Governments around the world add some digits to the HS codes to help further distinguish the products to certain categories.Additional numbers are put to the HS codes by governments around the world to help them further distinguish the product to different categories. These additional numbers differ from country to country. Harmonized System codes are used for the reference of commercial invoices and export and import documents.
The harmonized system is organized into 21 sections, subdivided into 96 chapters which are also subdivided to headings and subheadings. The section and chapter parts describe broad categories of goods and the headings and subheadings are then used to further describe the goods to more detail. In the sections and chapter goods are categorized according to their technological complexity. Technological complex goods come later in the section while natural goods come in the early sections. Machinery comes in later sections while animal products and farm products come in the earlier sections. In the chapters commodities are also arranged according to their degree of manufacture.
Schedule b code is a ten digit subset of HTS codes for American exporters. They are used by the US government for statistical purposes to monitor their export. The United States Census Bureau if the body responsible for maintaining the schedule B codes.These schedule b codes are maintained by the United States Census Bureau. It is faster and much easier for classification of products under these codes as compared to using Harmonized Tariff Schedule codes.